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The Father of modern day plastic surgery : Gaspare Tagliacozzi
The father of modern day plastic and cosmetic surgery is credited to Italian surgeon Gaspare Tagliacozzi who lived from 1545 to 1599. He is best known for developing a technique to transfer arm tissue to the face, known as a pedicled arm flap. This was particularly needed for the reconstruction of a disfigured or amputated nose (this was a common problem with noses lost due to dueling or from syphilis). This technique is seen today in the logo of the American Board of Plastic surgery in which a person is seen with their forearm bandaged up against their nose. He was known for other reconstructive procedures of the eyelids, lips and ears but his nasal reconstructions remain his signature procedure.